Headache- 17 types, and effective remedies

Headache

Overview

The pain generated in the upper part of the neck, scalp, or head is called a headache. It might either occur at a particular area of the skull or in the whole head. It arises due to stress, exercise, nausea, or migraine.

There are many types of headaches, as discussed below. Each has a different area of ache, reasons, and treatment. Although it can be cured by managing stress and changing lifestyle, one should consult to prevent severity.

Headache
Headache

Types of headache

It is a common disease can, if categorized, there exist more than 150 types of headache—common types of headaches found in any age group of people.

Cluster Headache

It arises specifically in some situations of life like in springs or some particular time of the year. It occurs when the body forms abnormal patterns due to biological changes. The reason might be a change in food schedule, environment, or stress.

Tension headache

It arises mainly in the age group of 16-35 with no specific reason behind this type. It causes due to stress, anxiety, or any head injury. The duration of this lasts from 30 minutes to 30 hours. In mind cases, it can be easily cured with medications and some rest. If it becomes severe, kindly consult your doctor for the diagnosis.

Migraine

Migraine causes changes in brain activity that affect chemicals, nerve signals, or blood vessels in the brain. It is a very acute pain that occurs in one side of the brain. This type of pain lasts from hours to days, followed by nausea and vomiting. Also, you will have trouble doing day-to-day activities. Take medical guidance if you observe such pain.

Chronic daily headache

This headache causes due to problems in the blood vessels in and around the brain. It is cured when blood flow becomes normal. You will feel better if you take a rest and compress your neck with ice or a hot towel.

Hangover headache

It arises when the blood sugar level drops. In some cases, it is due to not having a meal on time, drinking too much without eating, or fatigue. You should consume some natural sugar such as fruits in a regular interval of time to prevent the pain.

Sinus headache

It causes the infection in sinusitis. In this type, pain is in the face and forehead. Take a rest and consult your doctor to get treated.

Post traumatic headache

It causes due to head injury. It can be felt after 2-3 days of head trauma. If not cured, it gets worse with time and generates concentration or memory problems. Generally, it lasts few weeks but can extend to months also.

Exercise headache

As the name says, this pain occurs while or after having a workout. When we exercise, the muscles require more blood. Blood vessels when fails to circulate blood; it generates pain that can be felt in the scalp. It automatically cures when you exercise regularly.

Hormonal headache

It is like a regular pain that occurs in the skull due to hormonal changes in the body. It is easily curable with pain relievers.

New daily persistent headache

This type of pain arises due to a destructive lifestyle, environmental factors, or less sleep. Seek medical guidance to analyze the cause and act accordingly.

Rebound headache

It occurs due to access use of medications or drugs. If not cured, it will occur daily and affect everyday life activities. The pain gets worse with time.

Spinal headache

This pain occurs when you do some movement, such as a stand or walk. It usually takes two days to weeks to go away. To avoid this pain, stay hydrated, drink caffeine or some soft drinks. You can also manage this type of stress by lying down for a while.

Thunderclap headaches

This pain arises suddenly and can last from seconds to few minutes. In this, you feel pain anywhere in the head or around the neck. As it comes suddenly, it is named a thunderclap headache.

Brain tumor headache

Brain tumor pains feel like sharp pain in the skull. This is also called a pressured type headache that becomes worse at night or in the early mornings. You feel pain, memory loss, vision problems, or mood swings. It usually goes away with a period or some medications. Kindly seek medical guidance if you observe these symptoms.

Cervicogenic headaches

They occur on any one side of the neck and go up to the head. You feel dull, and the ache is steady. In this, exercise or stretches helps. Seek medical guidance if the pain lasts longer to avoid any complications related to the neck.

Medication overuse headache

This occurs when you overdose on any drugs or medications. Kindly consult about the dosage of the drug you are consuming. Start and stop the dosage gradually to avoid this kind of headache.

Meningitis headache

In this pain, the pain is near the spinal cord and brain. Its symptoms include fever and results in neck stiffness.

Causes

Headache is a result of the mixing of signals between blood vessels, the brain, and nerves. The presence of inflammation affects brain functions and generates pain around the skull.

There are primary and secondary causes of it. Primary reasons do not arise due to any medical conditions but due to change in brain functions. That causes due to environmental factors, lifestyle, or physical movement.

Secondary causes include head trauma or other medical conditions.

Common causes of headache include:

  • Illness
  • Environment
  • Stress
  • Genetics
  • Irregular sleep cycle
  • Hunger
  • Caffeine intake
  • Daily physical activity
  • Nausea
  • Use of drugs
  • Alcohol consumption

Diagnosis

To identify the root cause of the hpain, the diagnosis process may include some neurological evaluation. Headache can be caused by certain foods also or maybe from depression. In each situation, it is necessary to analyze the source of the pain.

The doctor might ask you to undergo the following tests:

Complete Blood Count– It helps in determining the infection present in our blood.

Skull X-rays: It is to check the skull structure in case of any previous head injury.

Heat CT Scan: It is to detect any blood clot or tumor present in the head.

Sinus X-ray: It is helpful in case of symptoms of sinusitis headache.

Treatment

The process of treatment starts after diagnosing the cause of the pain. It is easily curable in most cases with medications. But in many instances, where the medicines aren’t works, there are other methods also as listed below:

Biofeedback: it helps to manage pain.

Stress management: In case of pains caused due to stress, many therapists treat pains in their stress management classes.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: In these talks, specialists ensure to stay calm when you get anxious.

Acupuncture: In this, the needles insert in some points of the body. It is also a kind of therapy to release stress.

Hot shower: In daily schedule, taking hot showers relaxes the muscles and cures mild pain.

Natural remedies

It is a widespread condition, and the majority of people deal with it daily. Be it mild or severe; a headache does disturb your routine. The central fact is that we all have a cure to prevent pain but do not focus. Apart from medications, there also exist some natural remedies to get rid of headaches.

Common natural remedies are listed below:

  • Take required nutrients essential for your body such as magnesium, calcium, protein, fibers, fat, etc.
  • Stay hydrated. Have plenty of water.
  • Avoid alcohol or access to caffeine.
  • Maintain sleep cycle. Set a time to monitor your sleep.
  • Avoid fermented, processed foods, or high-sugar foods.
  • Use essential oils to nourish your body both internally and externally.
  • Use ice packs around your neck in case of a mild headache.
  • Maintain a healthy food diet. Eat more greens.
  • Drink caffeine required for your body.
  • Do yoga and mild exercise.
  • Avoid unpleasant odors that hit the brain.
  • Try herbal remedies or medications.
  • Live in a pleasant environment that brings happiness and peace.

Prevention

Take a note of things that cause you a headache. Be it a portion of food, people, situation, season, drinks, physical activity, medicine, or any task.

  • Avoid stress and things that bring mental disturbance.
  • Avoid taking lots of medications, alcohol, or caffeine.
  • Get proper sleep. Try to sleep in the same slot of the day.
  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Avoid processed foods, cheese, sweeteners, or chocolates.
  • Stop taking medications if you feel a headache after consuming them.
  • Try to change your work or the home environment if it triggers headaches.
  • Avoid loud noises, flashing lights, vibrations, and bright lights.
  • Avoid foods that trigger hormonal changes.
  • Take supplements to maintain nutrients in the body.
  • Plan your day and act accordingly.

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